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Feed-in-Tariffs in the Americas

North America

Canada

Canada does not have a national FIT policy. The province of Ontario introduced at FIT in 2006 and then revised it in 2009. It provides for a microFIT program that pays 80 cents/kWh for grid-tied PV projects that generate less than 10 kW in total. For larger systems up to 10 megawatts, there is a standard FIT program with variable rates based on the size of the installation, location, etc. The Ontario Power Authority provides additional information on both programs.

The 2009 revisions came as part of the Green Energy Act 2009. This act was drafted to support economic investment in renewable energy, expand Ontario’s use of renewable energy, and to protect the environment. FIT levels for biogas, biomass, wind, and hydro were included in addition to solar FITs.

United States of America

See the full document on FITs in the U.S. for detailed information. On a general scale, the U.S. ranks in a medium to low category for FITs. Lack of federal level cohesion means that FITs must be implemented on a state by state basis. Antiquated federal legislation complicates the adoption of FIT policies and has yet to be addressed despite obvious problems. The most generous FIT programs can be found in the coastal states.

South and Central America

Argentina

Argentina offers a 15 year payment on solar installations up to 30 megawatts in size. The reimbursement rate is 0.9 Argentinean dollars per kwh plus the cost of electricity at the time.

Brazil

There is no direct FIT in Brazil, but there subsidies for people who install photovoltaics in areas where there is no grid. Brazil has a high year-round insolation, making it ideal for many investors of solar energy.

Ecuador

Ecuador began providing for a FIT in 2008. It offers 52 U.S. cents per kWh for grid-tied systems up to 67 megawatts. The FIT is generous, but can only accommodate 2% of total electrical capacity in the country.

Nicaragua
This FIT provides for 5.5 to 6.5 U.S. cents for kWh based on regional regulatory authorities. It is relatively low compensation, but there are tax incentives that are not incorporated into this calculation. Overall, this is considered a weak FIT program.

Puerto Rico

Puerto Rico pays back energy fed into the grid at the same rate at which it is charged. Though variable, the average works out to 22 U.S. cents per kilowatt. Cash is paid out in this system once per year as follows. Credits on future bills are provided for energy fed into the grid at the same rate charged for extracting it. At the end of the year, it an excess unpaid FIT remains, the utility company pays 10 U.S. cents cash per kilowatt, of which 25% is retained for local public schools. More information can be obtained by visiting the Puerto Rico Power Authority (PREPA).

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